Versions of slavery in the captivi of plautus ramus cambridge. Pseudolus was written by titus maccius plautus and is one of the oldest plays that survives from ancient rome. Plautus, the most celebrated comic poet of rome, was a native of sarsina, a small village in umbria. To understand plautus comedy, we must also understand his insults. Casina in opera omnia 186 185 lingua latina in lat0549.
Amphitryo, asinaria, aulularia, bacchides, captivi by. Hegio is a wealthy aetolian who many years before lost a son, tyndarus, when a runaway slave named stalagmus carried the boy off at the age of four years. The translation for these, done by henry thomas riley, was published in 1912, so its not as archaic as some of the others on the perseus site. The original of the captivi is quite unknown, while the war between the. Access article in pdf plautus stichus and the political crisis of 200 b. Little is known about his life but it is believed that he worked as a. The comedies of plautus, literally translated into english prose, with notes 2 volumes.
Philocrates and his slave tyndarus, of the greek district of. The captivi and the mostellaria of plautus abebooks. Amphitryo, asinaria, aulularia, bacchides, captivi by titus maccius plautus. Hide browse bar your current position in the text is marked in blue. The captivi and mostellaria of plautus by plautus and a great selection of related books. Due to his success, plautus plays are not only the oldest roman plays which survived in full other than terences, but the oldest latin literature passed down through manuscripts.
The date of the plautine adaptation of this play, as in the case of the asinaria. Plautus definition of plautus by the free dictionary. List of works available at intratext this list contains only essential information. Plautus plays most of them can be found in english online at the perseus site. At the same time, the roman republic was expanding in. Here plautus masterpiece is the aulularia, a comedy portraying euclio, a man who has found a hoard of gold but cannot handle the situation appropriately. Plautus quotes author of the pot of gold and other plays. His plays, adapted from those of greek new comedy, are popular and vigorous representations of middleclass and lowerclass life.
Rudens may be better constructed, bacchides more menandiran, casina more broadly funny, but for the special qualities of plautus. Titus maccius plautus, the captivi and the mostellaria. But the amphitryon, though in some ways typical of new comedy. The project gutenberg ebook of amphitryo, asinaria, aulularia, bacchides, captivi, by plautus titus maccius this ebook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.
This article outlines plautus emphasis on fides, or faithfulness in his play captivi. He is also one of the earliest writers of musical theater. Little is known for certain about the life and personality of plautus, who ranks with terence as one of the two great roman comic dramatists. For the most part, however, he preferred the style of the more recent greek writers like menander. Plautus, however, generates humor in a different way from menandrean comedy. I think what constitutes the happy ending in this play is that pleusicles and philocomasium get to leave together. The title has been translated as the captives or the prisoners, and the plot concerns slavery and prisoners of war. Plautus synonyms, plautus pronunciation, plautus translation, english dictionary definition of plautus. This helps the comedy overall, because lowerclass characters were often taken less seriously, and had to be less careful what they said. Aulularia, bacchides, captivi amphitryon, the comedy of. Amphitryon 339 writing burlesque, was the author of an amphitryon.
His comedies are the earliest surviving intact works in latin literature. I psus sororem, quam peribat, repperit, o ratu quoius phaedromo nuptum locat. Titus maccius plautus was one of ancient romes greatest playwrights. Plautus pot of gold, the prisoners, the brothers menaechmus, the swaggering soldier and pseudolus by anonymous and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at.
Plautus plays are without exception new comedy palliatae, i. Usually, the humorous characters in plautine plays are of low social standing. Project muse plautus stichus and the political crisis. Pdf plautus asinaria a grammatical commentary for students. He wrote palliata comoedia, the genre devised by the innovator of latin literature, livius andronicus. Along with his younger roman counterpart, terence, plautus kept greek new comedy alive for later generations of theatregoers.
A manual of the etruscan language and inscriptions. You may copy it, give it away or reuse it under the terms of the project gutenberg license included with this ebook or online at. May 31, 2011 open library is an initiative of the internet archive, a 501c3 nonprofit, building a digital library of internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. His plays are the earliest complete surviving works from latin theatre and they are noted for adding even more outrageous comedy to traditional comic plays. The word plautine refers to both plautus s own works and works similar to or influenced by his.
The plays of plautus enjoyed immediate success during his lifetime and were restaged and read by romans after his death. Online books about this author are available, as is a wikipedia article plautus, titus maccius. Plautus used puns, he played with words, or he gave the words another meaning. Almost nothing is known of these plays, it is usually assumed that the immediate original of the latin play was a comedy of the middle or new period. Little is known about his life but it is believed that he worked as a stage carpenter as a young man. Hans elektronisches buch is editor of the literature on different topic areas such as research and science, travel and expeditions, cooking and nutrition, medicine, and other genres. Nov 14, 2019 open library is an initiative of the internet archive, a 501c3 nonprofit, building a digital library of internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Amphitryonasinariaaululariabacchidescaptivi by plautus. Accompanying the plays is a detailed introduction to plautuss. The captivi and the mostellaria of plautus, literally. This first volume of a new loeb edition of all 21 of plautuss extant comedies presents amphitruo, asinaria, aulularia, bacchides, and captivi with freshly edited texts, lively modern translations, and ample explanatory notes. Plautus comedies revolve mostly around daily life and average people, superficially the stuff of greek new comedy as opposed to the politically oriented old comedy of the classical age or the spoofs of tragedy popular in postclassical middle comedy.
Molieres 17thcentury lavare the miser is the most famous of the later comedies inspired by the aulularia. Pseudolus, the most plautine of plautus plays, is his masterpiece. Versions of slavery in the captivi of plautus volume 25 issue 2 william g. Open library is an initiative of the internet archive, a 501c3 nonprofit, building a digital library of internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Dictionary of greek and roman biography and mythologyplautus. Captivi is a latin play by the early roman playwright titus maccius plautus. Read captivi or the captives, a play in english and latin by titus maccius plautus available from rakuten kobo. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by project gutenberg. Plautus article about plautus by the free dictionary. And captivi and bacchides mention the wars in greece and magnesia. Plays in which certain aspects of character are the central theme are rarer.
Plautus combined menanders style with the popular italian farce and mime, with a greater use of music and slapstick or at least physical comedy. Versions of slavery in the captivi of plautus ramus. No matter if they all combine to pile the torments on, i fancy ive got a back of my own. Twenty complete plays by plautus survive along with around 100 lines of vidularia the suitcase and fragments from several others. The following note is extracted from thorntons translation of this play. The captivi and the mostellaria of plautus, literally translated with notes by titus maccius plautus edited by henry t.
But it is fairly formal, even hifalutin, for such robust and earthy material as plautus. Plautus, great roman comic dramatist, whose works, loosely adapted from greek plays, established a truly roman drama in the latin language. Willcocks edition, the first in english for over fifty years, remains one of the most. Plautus cvrcvlio argvmentvm c urculio missu phaedromi it cariam v t petat argentum. Amphitryo, asinaria, aulularia, bacchides, captivi by titus. Stichus, bacchides, persa, curoulio, andasinaria, in addition, the same character appears in the. Captivi or the captives, a play in english and latin ebook.
Plautus titus maccius, born about 254 bce at sarsina in umbria, went to rome, engaged in work connected with the stage, lost his money in commerce, then. Plautus has no rival in ability to coin comic terms and names, for instance, bumbomachides clutomestoridysarchides, battlebomski mightyadviserofwretchedstrategy. His comedies are among the earliest works of latin literature that has not been lost. Although all the characters in pseudolus speak latin, they are meant to be greeks, with greek names, clothing, and customs. Nothing but heaven itself is better than a friend who is really a friend. Plautus was a popular comedic playwright while roman theatre was still in its infancy and still largely undeveloped. Plautus wordreference english dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Plautus was sometimes accused of teaching the public indifference and mockery of the gods. A funny thing happened on the way to the forum, the hit broadway musical, borrows much of its plot and even the name of its leading slave, pseudolus deceitful dude, from plautus comedy. The play on which he based his aulularia the pot of gold has not survived.
Although the play contains much broad humor, it is a relatively serious treatment of significant themes compared to most of plautus other comedies. Although explaining anomalies in the text by less than smooth adaptation of greek models is a topos of plautine criticism and sometimes taken to implausible lengths, lowes hypothesis seems to me quite credible. A short piece written for phillips exeter academys liber magazine volume 1. It was originally written for palaestrio to give to the audience a bit of background, however we cut this speech, and then decided to use some of. If we were to amend that to most perfect ancient comedy, then i certainly wouldnt squabble with that claim. Amphitruo, asinaria, aulularia, bacchides, captivi. The captivi and mostellaria of plautus by plautus and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at. He begins as though he was going to explain why the captives are standing there, and ends his explanation with saying that they are standing because they are not sitting. Maccius plautus amphitruo, asinaria, aulularia, bacchides, captivi is an unchanged, highquality reprint of the original edition of 1893. This body of work was first attributed to plautus by the 1st century bce roman scholar varro and the titles are. Titus maccius plautus, better known simply as plautus actually a nickname meaning flatfoot, was, between c. According to the critical introduction, this play was lauded by lessing as the most perfect comedy ever staged. Euclio eventually comes close to a nervous breakdown, but in the end he realizes that money cannot make him.
Roman comedy is represented by two latin playwrights, plautus and terence writing. Roman comic playwright whose works influenced shakespeare and moliere. The roman playwright plautus wrote comedies that are the earliest latin literary texts to have survived in their entirety. Plautus simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The captivi and the mostellaria of plautus, literally translated with notes, ed. Captivi in opera omnia 191 190 lingua latina in lat0549. Jan 27, 2018 plautus, the most celebrated comic poet of rome, was a native of sarsina, a small village in umbria. A striking, if bizarre, example of a dominant cultures anxiety to combine these. Almost the only particulars, which we possess respecting his life, are contained in a pas sage of a.
The braggart soldier, by plautus page 1 5 the prologues speech is actually taken from the original script and adapted quite a bit. The readers indulgence for the coinage of a new term and perhaps not quite so much out of character from the mouth of a parasite is here requested in the use of the word invocated in a sense, which it is owned, there is no authority for, but without it no way occurs to explain the. Plautus, as usual, introduces roman customs into a play the scene of which is in greece. Scholars have written appreciatively of its separate parts. This is apparently intended as a piece of humour, in catching or baulking the audience. Little is known of the life of titus maccius plautus.1369 1410 487 1642 386 274 249 936 1577 322 209 1570 381 1626 1318 827 1096 358 317 854 931 485 20 630 10 1104 532 717 210 1041